Drug and Alcohol

Amphetamines List: A List of Amphetamines Commonly Prescribed in the US

Amphetamines are a very wide family of stimulants. Here's a list of amphetamines. Remember, even prescription drugs are dangerous when abused.

List of Amphetamines

Table of contents

Written by

Brian MooreBrian Moore

Content Writer

Reviewed by

Jeremy ArztJeremy Arzt

Chief Clinical Officer

July 13, 2023

The Forge Recovery Center

Used to treat ADHD, obesity, and narcolepsy, amphetamines are a wide family of prescription drug stimulants that help many people live normal lives.

Unfortunately, amphetamines are also very commonly abused. Because of the effects these drugs have, stimulants are natural party drugs, able to keep people up for days. They’re also abused as study drugs, for the perceived benefits they have for people studying during cram sessions or taking exams.

They’re not. When abused, amphetamines are highly addictive, physically harmful, and have no positive effects. Here’s a quick look at some of the most commonly-prescribed amphetamines in the US.

Stats About Amphetamines:

According to the National Institute on Drug Addiction (NIDA), the number of drug overdose deaths involving stimulants, cocaine, or psychostimulants with addiction potential, especially methamphetamine, has grown dramatically since 2015. There were 12,122 fatalities with these drugs in 2015. By 2021, that figure had risen to 53,495.

This is a more than 400% rise.

What Are Amphetamines?

Amphetamines are a kind of drug known as a CNS stimulant. In the medical profession, they are generally used to treat disorders such as ADHD and narcolepsy—these drugs function by raising the amounts of neurotransmitters in the brain, specifically dopamine and norepinephrine.

Amphetamines come in various formats, including pills, capsules, and extended-release versions. Adderall (a mixture of amphetamine and dextroamphetamine), Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine), and Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine) are some examples of commonly prescribed amphetamine drugs.

The potential of amphetamines to improve focus, attention, and alertness is why they are so widely utilized. As a result, they are highly helpful in controlling the symptoms of ADHD. When people with ADHD use these prescription drugs, they frequently report increased attention, greater control over impulsive behavior, and hyperactive management. Amphetamines can assist people with narcolepsy, minimize excessive daytime drowsiness and promote alertness.

Amphetamine salts are classified as Schedule II restricted drugs owing to their misuse and addiction potential. They’re legal to possess, provided you have a prescription.

These drugs can provide euphoria and enhanced energy, making them appealing to people looking for recreational or performance-enhancing benefits. However, excessive use of amphetamines can result in significant health repercussions and addiction.

While amphetamines may be extremely useful when taken as prescribed and under the supervision of a medical practitioner, it is critical to follow the proper dose and instructions. In addition, healthcare specialists must regularly monitor the medication's efficacy and identify any potential amphetamine side effects or risks.

A List of Amphetamines

Here is a list of the more commonly-prescribed amphetamines:

  • Adderall (amphetamine/dextroamphetamine)

  • Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)

  • Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)

  • Desoxyn (methamphetamine)

  • Evekeo (amphetamine sulfate)

  • ProCentra (dextroamphetamine sulfate)

  • Zenzedi (dextroamphetamine sulfate)

  • Adzenys XR-ODT (amphetamine)

  • Dyanavel XR (amphetamine)

  • Mydayis (mixed salts of a single-entity amphetamine product)

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Types Of Amphetamine Drugs

Amphetamine medications are routinely administered for medicinal purposes in a variety of forms. Following are some of the most popular types.

Dextroamphetamine

Prescribed for ADHD and narcolepsy. It improves focus, attention, and wakefulness.

Adderall

Combination medication containing amphetamine salts for ADHD, helping with attention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity.

Vyvanse

Contains lisdexamfetamine, converted to dextroamphetamine in the body, used for ADHD with extended-release benefits.

Dexedrine

Brand name for dextroamphetamine, commonly prescribed for ADHD and narcolepsy.

Desoxyn

Methamphetamine hydrochloride is prescribed for ADHD and obesity but is less commonly used.

Symptoms of Addiction to Amphetamines

Amphetamine drug addiction is a serious issue that can affect an individual's physical, emotional, & social health. Therefore, recognizing the signs of amphetamine drug addiction is critical for getting the right aid and support. Here are some typical signs to be on the lookout for.

Increased Drug Tolerance

Individuals may build a tolerance to amphetamines over time, necessitating greater dosages to obtain the intended effects. This might be an indication of addiction.

Obsessive Drug-Seeking Behavior

People may have a strong and persistent urge to get and utilize amphetamines. However, this might result in an inefficient use of time, energy, and resources in obtaining the drug.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Individuals who try to quit or reduce their amphetamine usage may experience various withdrawal symptoms, including exhaustion, sadness, irritability, anxiety, increased hunger, and acute cravings for the stimulant.

Neglecting Responsibilities

A person who is addicted to amphetamines may overlook their commitments and responsibilities at job, school, or home. As a result, they may struggle with meeting deadlines, finishing tasks, or maintaining relationships.

Isolation and Social Withdrawal

Individuals struggling with addiction may retreat from their social networks, discarding previously cherished hobbies and connections. Instead, they may prefer to spend time alone or with other drug users.

Health Problems

Amphetamine drug misuse can cause a variety of health issues. Cardiovascular problems, sleeplessness, starvation, mood swings, anxiety disorders, and psychosis are examples.

Failed Attempts to Stop Using Amphetamines

Individuals dealing with amphetamine addiction may continually attempt to quit or minimize their use while being aware of the negative implications of their drug use.

Using Amphetamines Despite Outcomes

Individuals may continue to use amphetamines despite negative impacts on physical health, relationships, careers, or education, valuing the substance over other elements of life.

Signs of Amphetamine Drug Addiction

Recognizing signs of amphetamine drug addiction is crucial for early intervention and effective treatment. Amphetamine addiction can seriously affect a person's behavior and physical health. Here are some frequent behavioral and physical signs to look out for.

Physical Signs of Amphetamine Abuse

Changing Sleep Habits

Amphetamine usage might interfere with natural sleep habits. As a result, people may develop insomnia or difficulties falling asleep.

Changes in Weight & Appetite

Amphetamines can reduce appetite, resulting in considerable weight loss or undesirable changes in diets.

Changes in Appearance

Prolonged amphetamine usage can lead to a decline in physical appearance. Individuals may seem unkempt, have poor hygiene, or show evidence of personal care neglect.

Increased Heart Rate and Blood Pressure

Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system, causing a rise in heart rate and blood pressure. Others may detect these physiological changes.

Dilated Pupils

Even in well-lit situations, amphetamines can produce pupil dilation. Physical signs of drug use include dilated pupils that are insensitive to changes in light.

Behavioral Signs of Amphetamine Abuse

Significant Behavioral Changes 

Individuals addicted to amphetamines may exhibit substantial behavioral changes. They may become secretive, display erratic or unpredictable conduct, or engage in dishonest methods to cover up their drug usage.

Avoiding Responsibility

Addiction frequently impairs one's capacity to meet personal and professional duties. People may overlook critical tasks at work, school, or home.

Relationship Problems

Addiction to amphetamines can affect relationships with family, friends, & coworkers. Conflicts, disputes, & social isolation are frequent symptoms.

Impaired Judgment and Decision-Making Abilities

Amphetamines have the potential to impair cognitive function, resulting in impaired judgment and decision-making ability. Individuals may engage in risky behaviors to get the substance, such as driving under the influence or engaging in criminal activities.

Financial Problems

Addiction can cause financial difficulties because people prioritize getting and using amphetamines above completing financial commitments. They may incur further debt, borrow money, or sell personal possessions.

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Is Adderall an Amphetamine?

Adderall is a prescription drug that comprises a mix of amphetamine salts, especially dextroamphetamine-amphetamine. Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant often given for treating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy.

The drug boosts particular neurotransmitters in the brain. This can increase focus and attention while decreasing impulsivity.

Amphetamine vs. Methamphetamine: Is There A Difference between Amphetamines & Methamphetamines?

Both amphetamine and methamphetamine are stimulant drugs. They have similar chemical structures and have similar physiological effects. Amphetamine is widely included in drugs such as Adderall & Dexedrine.

Methamphetamine, on the other hand, is a more robust and longer-lasting type of amphetamine. Currently, methamphetamine is only legally available as the prescription drug Desoxyn. It’s used to treat obesity.

Methamphetamine is generally illegal and used recreationally, manufactured illegally in improvised laboratories and referred to as "meth" or "crystal meth." Because of its potency, methamphetamine has a greater risk of misuse and addiction than amphetamine.

The quantities, purity, and administration methods of these medications can considerably impact their effects and potential dangers. Both amphetamine and methamphetamine have important medicinal applications, but methamphetamine usage for recreational purposes may be exceedingly risky and destructive.

Amphetamine Withdrawal: Withdrawal from Amphetamines

The physical and psychological symptoms that can arise when a person abruptly quits or dramatically lowers their use of amphetamines after extended and excessive use is referred to as amphetamine withdrawal. Amphetamine withdrawal can be difficult and uncomfortable. But it is a typical part of the recovery process for those addicted to these drugs.

The following are some important facts concerning amphetamine withdrawal.

Symptoms of Amphetamine Withdrawal

The impact and length of withdrawal symptoms might vary based on factors such as the duration and intensity of amphetamine usage. Fatigue, depression, irritability, anxiety, increased hunger, sleeplessness or hypersomnia, vivid & unpleasant nightmares, and severe drug cravings are all common symptoms.

How Long Does Amphetamine Withdrawal Last?

Amphetamine withdrawal might also last for a long time.  Acute withdrawal symptoms can appear hours, days, or weeks after the last dosage and might linger for several days.  Prolonged withdrawal symptoms, including mood swings and cravings, can last many months or more.

Medical Supervision During Amphetamine Withdrawal

When experiencing amphetamine withdrawal, you must seek medical supervision and support. Healthcare experts can offer advice, monitor symptoms, and implement necessary measures to reduce discomfort and encourage a safer withdrawal process.

Supportive Care for Amphetamine Addiction

Individuals who participate in a complete treatment program that includes counseling, behavioral treatments, and support groups can considerably benefit from controlling withdrawal symptoms and addressing the underlying causes of their amphetamine addiction.

Self-Care

It is essential to practice self-care during withdrawal. This may involve maintaining a healthy lifestyle through regular exercise, balanced eating, appropriate sleep, and participation in activities that promote peace of mind and relaxation.

Strategies for Withdrawing from Amphetamines

To reduce withdrawal symptoms, doctors may advocate gradually cutting off amphetamine usage rather than abruptly stopping in some circumstances. Medications can also be given to treat particular symptoms or help with cravings.

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Are Amphetamines Addictive?

Amphetamines work by boosting the levels of certain chemicals in the brain. These chemical messengers are important in reward and pleasure circuits. When amphetamines are consumed, these pathways are stimulated. This results in euphoria and a brief boost in energy and motivation.

The brain can acquire resistance to amphetamines after repeated use, requiring greater dosages to produce the same effects. This increases the likelihood of dependency and addiction. Dependence is the body's adaptation to the substance, which causes withdrawal symptoms when the medication is stopped or lessened.

The acute cravings and psychological dependence that might develop contribute to amphetamines' addictive potential. Individuals may feel compelled to use amphetamines to get the desired results or prevent unpleasant withdrawal symptoms.

Prolonged and excessive amphetamine usage can be harmful to physical and mental health. It can cause cardiac issues, sleep problems, mood disorders, mental disorders, and even crazy behavior.

Although not everyone who takes amphetamines becomes addicted, the danger is high. Factors like genetics, environment, and individual sensitivity can influence addiction risk.

Individuals suffering from amphetamine addiction must seek expert assistance. For withdrawal symptoms & cravings, therapy options may include behavioral treatments, counseling, and support groups. Also, in some cases, medication-assisted treatment.

Promoting Awareness to Minimize Amphetamine Drug Abuse

Raising awareness about amphetamine drug addiction is essential for reducing its negative effect on individuals and society. We can try to prevent and reduce amphetamine use by educating the public about the risks while developing a greater understanding of the effects of misuse. The following are some essential points to consider.

Education

Raise awareness of amphetamine drug addiction by presenting factual information about the effects, hazards, and addictive potential of the substance.

Awareness Campaigns

Conduct targeted campaigns to convey information and share personal stories across multiple channels.

Prescription Monitoring Programs

Implement and improve measures to monitor and prevent amphetamine over-prescription and diversion.

Support and Treatment Services

Increase access to counseling, treatment, rehabilitation, and recovery programs for those addicted to amphetamines.

Collaboration and Partnership

Engage healthcare experts, law enforcement, community organizations, and policymakers in developing effective preventative & intervention strategies.

Targeted Interventions

Create specialist programs for high-risk populations, such as teenagers and college students, who are more likely to abuse amphetamines.

Early Intervention

Implement efforts to detect and intervene early for people at risk of amphetamine drug misuse.

Addiction to Amphetamines Can Feel Hopeless. It Isn’t – The Forge Recovery Center Will Help

There’s another reason amphetamine abuse is dangerous – counterfeit pills. Buying something online or from a street dealer is a huge risk. Instead of Adderall, that pill might be research chemicals, fillers, or even fentanyl.

Amphetamine abuse on its own is highly dangerous. Fortunately, it’s treatable. Guided by a trauma-informed philosophy, The Forge Recovery Center uses proven and effective methods to free people from amphetamine addiction.

Amphetamine abuse is treatable. Reach out to The Forge Recovery Center today to learn more about our successful amphetamine treatment program.

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